◎ Title : Effects of pre‑mixed gas composition on combustion characteristics of micro pilot dual fuel (MPDF) in a heavy‑duty dual fuel engine
◎ Authors : Minhoo Choi, Sungwook Park
◎ Journal : Scientific Reports
◎ Information : Vol. 12, 7871(Article Number), 2022
◎ Keywords : Compression ignition engine, Dimethyl ether, Diesel-engine, Gaseous fuel, Emissions, Performance
◎ Abstract :
The effects of premixed gas compositions on the combustion characteristics in micro pilot duel fuel (MPDF) conditions were investigated. Propane, hydrogen, and carbon dioxide gases were added to methane gas, and engine experiments were conducted under various premixed gas compositions. A single-cylinder heavy-duty engine with a combustion chamber volume of 1100 mm(3) and compression ratio of 17.0 was used. A 55 kW DC dynamometer was used to operate the single-cylinder dual-fuel engine at a constant engine speed. At high propane mixture ratios, knocking combustion occurred, accompanied by intense engine vibrations, owing to the low octane number of propane. Knocking combustion led to an increase in the combustion variation and ringing intensity (which represents the knocking combustion intensity). In contrast, at high ratios of hydrogen, which has a high octane number, knocking combustion was suppressed, and the speed of combustion was lower than that in the case of high propane mixture ratios. The optimum conditions corresponded to a ringing intensity of 3-5 MW/m(2). The addition of even a small amount of propane gas enhanced the engine performances in misfiring conditions. In contrast, a considerable amount of hydrogen gas was required to prevent abnormal combustion because of the low density of hydrogen gas. The presence of carbon dioxide effectively stabilized MPDF combustion by suppressing knocking combustion.