Title : Effects of injection strategy and coolant temperature on hydrocarbon and particulate emissions from a gasoline direct injection engine with high pressure injection up to 50 MPa
Authors : Jingeun Song, Ziyoung Lee, Jaecheon song, Sungwook Park
Journal : Energy, Volume 164, Pages 512-522
Abstract : The present study investigated the effect of coolant temperature, injection pressure, and injection timing on emissions in a gasoline direct injection (GDI) engine. Two coolant temperatures of 40 °C and 80 °C, and wide range of injection timings from before top dead center (BTDC) 360° to BTDC 210° were tested under injection pressures in the range of 5 MPa–50 MPa. Particle number (PN), soot, total hydrocarbon (THC), and nitrogen oxides (NOx) were measured under the various experimental conditions. In addition, the spray and flame images were used to observe the spray-wall interaction and to identify the existence of a fuel film.
Experimental results showed that the increase in injection pressure significantly reduced the particulate emissions, especially for the wall wetting condition (BTDC 330°). The PN emissions from the wall wetting condition was reduced by about 90% by increasing injection pressure from 10 MPa to 50 MPa. Furthermore, increasing the coolant temperature was an effective way to reduce the PN, soot, and THC. In particular, the THC was reduced by about 30%, while the change in injection pressure and injection timing varied by only 10%.
Keywords : Gasoline direct injection engine, Particulate emission, Injection pressure, Coolant temperature